What was the Bracero Program summary?
The Bracero Program was a bilateral, contract labor program between the United States and Mexico. The program brought between 4 to 5 million Mexican laborers to the United States between 1942 and 1964. The Bracero program resulted in an increase in both legal and illegal workers coming to the United States from Mexico.
What is the historical context of the Bracero Program?
The role of the Bracero Program The program was originally conceived in the early 1940s, during World War II, to combat a wartime dearth of agricultural labourers due to military service and a shift by agricultural workers to better-paying manufacturing jobs.
What were the effects of the Bracero Program?
However, the lasting effect of the Bracero Program has been that it spawned and institutionalized networks and labor market relationships between Mexico and the United States. These ties continued and became the foundation for today’s illegal migration from Mexico.
What happened after the Bracero Program ended?
After the program ended in 1921, Mexicans continued to enter the US illegally, and the establishment of the Border Patrol in 1924 did little to impede their movement.
Was the Bracero Program successful?
Finally, the Bracero Program led to the successful unionization of farm workers. Formed in 1962, the United Farm Workers, headed by Cesar Chavez, organized American farm workers into a cohesive and powerful collective bargaining unit for the first time.
What was one effect of the Bracero Program quizlet?
Allowed Mexican laborers to work in the United States under short-term contracts in exchange for stricter border security and the return of illegal Mexican immigrants to Mexico.
What was the Bracero Program quizlet?
Allowed Mexican laborers to work in the United States under short-term contracts in exchange for stricter border security and the return of illegal Mexican immigrants to Mexico. You just studied 21 terms!
How did the Bracero Program affect Mexican families?
Bracero remittances created positive income shocks for households in those communities that sent them to the United States. Moreover, braceros were exposed to ideas and institutions in the United States, including greater educational opportunities for children than in their own communities in Mexico.
What was the Bracero Program and how did it impact the US?
The Legacy of the Bracero Program Many U.S. farm owners created labor associations that increased labor market efficiency, reduced labor costs, and increased the average wages of all farm workers—immigrant and American alike.
How did the Bracero Program affect Mexican workers?
In theory, the Bracero Program had safeguards to protect both Mexican and domestic workers for example, guaranteed payment of at least the prevailing area wage received by native workers; employment for three-fourths of the contract period; adequate, sanitary, and free housing; decent meals at reasonable prices; …
How did the US benefit from the Bracero Program?
What is the main reason why the Bracero Program was started?
The Bracero Program was created by executive order in 1942 because many growers argued that World War II would bring labor shortages to low-paying agricultural jobs.
What is the Bracero History Archive?
Learn more about the Bracero History Archive. The Bracero Program grew out of a series of bi-lateral agreements between Mexico and the United States that allowed millions of Mexican men to come to the United States to work on, short-term, primarily agricultural labor contracts.
When did the Bracero Program end?
The bracero program persisted until 1964, despite its many problems, when labor and civil rights reformers successfully pressured for its termination. For the temporary migration of Mexican agricultural workers to the United States.
What are the best books about the Bracero Program?
Merchants of Labor: The Mexican Bracero Story : An Account of the Managed Migration of Mexican farm workers in California 1942-1960. San Jose: Rosicrucian Press, 1964. Driscoll, Barbara. The Tracks North: The Railroad Bracero Program of World War II.
Why did Mexican immigrants become braceros in the US?
After the war, Mexican workers were restricted to agriculture, as U.S. and Mexican authorities renegotiated the terms of the program several times. Mexicans participated in the belief that becoming braceros temporarily would enable them to acquire additional skills and knowledge while earning higher wages than available in Mexico.