What are the side effects of hyperprolactinemia?

What are the side effects of hyperprolactinemia?

Symptoms associated with hyperprolactinemia for women include the following:

  • Milky nipple discharge.
  • Milk production when not pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Menstrual irregularities.
  • Vaginal dryness, causing painful intercourse.
  • Fertility problems.
  • Headaches and visual problems (both of these are less common)

What are side effects of cabergoline?

Side Effects

  • Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet.
  • cold sweats.
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from lying or sitting position.
  • fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse.
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness.
  • rapid weight gain.
  • swelling around the eyes.

What are the side effects of bromocriptine?

Bromocriptine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • nausea.
  • vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • constipation.
  • stomach cramps.
  • heartburn.
  • loss of appetite.
  • headache.

What happens if I take too much cabergoline?

What happens if I overdose on Cabergoline (Dostinex)? Overdose symptoms may include stuffy nose, hallucinations, or fainting.

What happens if prolactin levels are high?

Excess prolactin can cause the production of breast milk in men and in women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding. In women, too much prolactin can also cause menstrual problems and infertility (the inability to get pregnant). In men, it can lead to lower sex drive and erectile dysfunction (ED).

Does hyperprolactinemia cause hair loss?

The types of hair loss described with hyperprolactinemia are mainly from the androgenetic or diffuse type and connected with hormonal abnormalities, especially the androgens.

Can cabergoline cause hallucinations?

Nonetheless, among the adverse side effects reported for cabergoline, psychiatric symptoms include sedation, depression, and hallucinations.

What are the long term effects of bromocriptine?

Fibrotic complications including cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, pleural effusion, pleural thickening, pericarditis, and pericardial effusions have been reported during postmarketing period. These reports have been more commonly received in patients on long-term and high-dose treatment.

What medications should not be taken with cabergoline?

Some products that may interact with this drug include: antipsychotic medications (such as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, thiothixene), lorcaserin, metoclopramide, prochlorperazine. Other medications can affect the removal of cabergoline from your body, which may affect how cabergoline works.

What medications can cause an increase in prolactin levels?

Medication induced hyperprolactinemia. Mayo Clin Proc 2005; 80:1050….

Medication class Frequency of prolactin elevation* Mechanism
Antipsychotics, first generation
Chlorpromazine Moderate Dopamine D2 receptor blockade within hypothalamic tuberoinfundibular system.
Fluphenazine High
Haloperidol High

What medications cause hyperprolactinemia?

Antipsychotic (Neuroleptic) Medications. The medications that most commonly cause hyperprolactinemia are antipsychotic (neuroleptic) agents (Table 2Table 2). These drugs are dopamine receptor blockers.

What causes high prolactin levels?

The causes and effects of high prolactin levels vary depending on a person’s sex. Read on to learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of hyperprolactinemia. An increased level of prolactin may be caused by a variety of secondary conditions. Most often, hyperprolactinemia is caused by pregnancy — which is normal.

What are the symptoms of hyperprolactinemia?

Hyperprolactinemia caused by medications is commonly symptomatic, causing galactorrhea, menstrual disturbance, and impotence.

Does risperidone cause hyperprolactinemia?

Prolactin levels and adverse events in patients treated with risperidone. Prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in schizophrenic patients treated with conventional antipsychotic medications or risperidone. The effects of atypical antipsychotics on serum prolactin levels.