What technology is used to treat hypertension?

What technology is used to treat hypertension?

Novel technology, including smartphones and Blue-tooth® enabled telemonitoring, are new tools that are likely to be increasingly important in hypertension management. Several studies have shown the benefit of self-monitoring of BP coupled with co-interventions (such as telemonitoring) in improving BP management.

How do you manage intraoperative hypertension?

Patients with intraoperative hypertension should be treated with intravenous medications until they can resume oral medications. Antihypertensive drug therapy should not be stopped abruptly (25,28,29).

How can blood pressure be controlled pharmacologically?

First-line medications used in the treatment of hypertension include diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Some patients will require 2 or more antihypertensive medications to achieve their BP target.

What are the two treatment approaches in the management of hypertension?

The two main interventional approaches, transcatheter renal denervation and baroreflex activation therapy, are used in clinical practice for severe treatment resistant hypertension in some countries.

What is intraoperative hypertension?

The ACC/AHA defines perioperative hypertension as a BP of 160/90 mm Hg or higher or an SBP elevation of at least 20% of the preoperative value that persists for longer than 15 minutes.

What is intraoperative hypotension?

Intraoperative hypotension is a common side effect of general anaesthesia and might lead to inadequate organ perfusion. It is unclear to what extent hypotension during noncardiac surgery is associated with unfavourable outcomes.

How can hypertension be prevented?

Prevent High Blood Pressure

  1. Eat a Healthy Diet. Choose healthy meal and snack options to help you avoid high blood pressure and its complications.
  2. Keep Yourself at a Healthy Weight.
  3. Be Physically Active.
  4. Do Not Smoke.
  5. Limit How Much Alcohol You Drink.
  6. Get Enough Sleep.
  7. References.

How do antihypertensives control blood pressure?

These drugs reduce blood pressure by decreasing the activity of the sympathetic (adrenaline-producing) portion of the involuntary nervous system. Methyldopa is considered a first line antihypertensive during pregnancy because adverse effects are infrequent for the pregnant woman or the developing fetus.

What are different strategies to manage or prevent hypertension?

Lifestyle changes should be the initial approach to hypertension management and include dietary interventions (reducing salt, increasing potassium, alcohol avoidance, and multifactorial diet control), weight reduction, tobacco cessation, physical exercise, and stress management.

What are 3 ways to treat hypertension?


  1. Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline. Blood pressure often increases as weight increases.
  2. Exercise regularly.
  3. Eat a healthy diet.
  4. Reduce sodium in your diet.
  5. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.
  6. Quit smoking.
  7. Cut back on caffeine.
  8. Reduce your stress.

How do you manage preoperative hypotension?

Ephedrine and phenylephrine Ephedrine is the first-line treatment of intraoperative hypotension during general anesthesia. Ephedrine is an indirect alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist, whereas phenylephrine is a direct alpha-agonist of the sympathetic system. These drugs have been well studied in the obstetrics setting.

What causes intraoperative hypotension?

The most common causes of intraoperative hypotension are anaesthetic drugs (including regional anaesthesia) and hypovolaemia. Initial management usually involves fluid bolus to optimise preload, and use of drugs to increase contractility and provide vasoconstriction.

What is the role of non-pharmacological interventions in hypertension management?

Proper management of hypertension may require both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. Non-pharmacological interventions help reduce the daily dose of antihypertensive medication and delay the progression … Hypertension is a major risk factor for a number of cardiovascular diseases.

What are the treatment options for hypertension?

Hypertension is one of the most common conditions encountered in primary care. Nonpharmacologic strategies have been shown to help lower blood pressure. Lifestyle modifications are recommended for all patients with hypertension.

What is the targeted approach to hypertension management?

The targeted approach is used in the management of patients with hypertension, but the same approach is well-proven as an effective strategy for prevention of hypertension in those at high risk of developing hypertension (11). The population-based strategy is derived from public health mass environmental control experience (73).

What are the treatment goals for intracranial hypertension (ICP)?

Intracranial pressure treatment measures: brief summary of goals of therapy Maintain ICP at less than 20 to 25 mm Hg. Maintain CPP at greater than 60 mm Hg by maintaining adequate MAP. Avoid factors that aggravate or precipitate elevated ICP. An overall approach to the management of intracranial hypertension is presented in Fig. 1.