What are some infectious diseases of the nervous systems?

What are some infectious diseases of the nervous systems?

The most common neurological infections are: Encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain, which can be caused by either bacteria or virus….Other neurological infections include:

  • Fungal infections.
  • Parasitic infections.
  • Prion diseases.
  • Bacterial infections such as Lyme disease, tuberculosis, syphilis.
  • Brain abscess.

What is CNS lab test?

A neurological exam checks for disorders of the central nervous system. The central nervous system is made of your brain, spinal cord, and nerves from these areas. It controls and coordinates everything you do, including muscle movement, organ function, and even complex thinking and planning.

What is a central nervous system disease?

Central nervous system (CNS) disease is a broad category of conditions in which the brain does not function as it should, limiting health and the ability to function.

How do you test for CNS infection?

Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Infections

  1. Blood tests. A blood test examines a sample of blood for evidence of infection.
  2. Computed tomograpgy (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These special imaging tests produce cross-sectional images of the body.
  3. Spinal tap.

What diseases cause neurological problems?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  • Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age.
  • Epilepsy and Seizures.
  • Stroke.
  • ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
  • Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia.
  • Parkinson’s Disease.

Which virus affects the central nervous system?

I. Introduction

Virus Family CNS Disease
Herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2 Herpesviridae Meningo-encephalitis
Rabies virus Rhabdoviridae Encephalomyelitis
West Nile virus Flaviviridae Meningo-encephalomyelitis
Nipah virus Paramyxoviridae Encephalitis

How is CNS vasculitis diagnosed?

Diagnosis. CNS vasculitis is often diagnosed through: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain with contrast. Magnetic resonance (MR) or computed tomography (CT) angiography.

Which of the following are major types of disease associated with the CNS?

Nervous system diseases

  • Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour.
  • Bell’s palsy.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Motor neurone disease (MND)
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Neurofibromatosis.
  • Parkinson’s disease.

Which two viruses are known for their ability to infect the central nervous system?

Poliovirus, EV71, WNV, TBEV, and JEV infections have all been associated with acute flaccid paralysis.

What kind of diseases can be diagnosed with the nervous system?

Nervous System Diseases Newborn Screening Nutritional diseases Parasitic diseases Rare Cancers RDCRN Skin Diseases Viral infections List of FDA Orphan Drugs GARD Information Navigator

What was the original name of the National Institute of neurological disorders?

NINCDS was renamed the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 1989 —On July 25 President George H.W. Bush signed P.L. 101-58, declaring the 1990s the “Decade of the Brain.”

What are the different types of neurologic diseases?

There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include. Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy. Problems with the way the nervous system develops, such as spina bifida.

What is the human nervous system?

The human nervous system is a complex network comprising of the brain, nerves and the spinal cord, which control both voluntary and involuntary actions of the human body. The human nervous system is divided into: Central Nervous System which mainly comprises of two parts: the brain and spinal cord.