What is the purpose of a retrograde pyelogram?
A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys. The ureters are the long tubes that connect your kidneys to your bladder. This test is usually done during a test called cystoscopy.
How is retrograde pyelogram performed?
A retrograde pyelogram is performed by injecting dye into a thin tube (catheter) into opening of ureter (tube draining kidney into bladder). This can be used to outline ureter/kidney anatomy and assist in placement of the stent.
What is the difference between intravenous pyelogram and retrograde pyelogram?
Intravenous pyelogram – In which a contrast solution is introduced through a vein into the circulatory system. Retrograde pyelogram – Any pyelogram in which contrast medium is introduced from the lower urinary tract and flows toward the kidney (i.e. in a “retrograde” direction, against the normal flow of urine).
What is a retrograde Cystogram?
Retrograde cystography is an imaging test that uses X-rays to see the bladder. X-rays are made of the bladder after it has been filled with a contrast dye. The dye lets the radiologist see your bladder and nearby tissues more clearly.
How is a pyelogram performed?
During an intravenous pyelogram, you’ll have an X-ray dye (iodine contrast solution) injected into a vein in your arm. The dye flows into your kidneys, ureters and bladder, outlining each of these structures.
What is CPT code for retrograde pyelogram?
For retrograde pyelogram, we use CPT 52005 which is also bundled with CPT 52332.
What contrast is used for retrograde pyelogram?
Contrast is categorized by osmolality, of which there are 3 groups: isoosmolar, low osmolar, and high osmolar. As osmolarity decreases, radiographic density increases. For retrograde pyelography, the contrast is typically diluted to 50% using sterile water by the physician.
What is CT intravenous pyelogram?
An intravenous pyelogram (PIE-uh-low-gram), also called an excretory urogram, is an X-ray exam of your urinary tract. An intravenous pyelogram lets your doctor view your kidneys, your bladder and the tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder (ureters).
How is a Pyelogram performed?
What is retrograde intrarenal surgery?
RIRS (retrograde intrarenal surgery): Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a viewing tube called a fiberoptic endoscope.
What is a retrograde pyelogram?
A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys.
Can you have a retrograde pyelogram if allergic to contrast dye?
This test can typically be done even if you are allergic to contrast dye. Only a small amount of the dye is absorbed by the body. The test may also be done if you have poor kidney function. Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to recommend a retrograde pyelogram.
What is the difference between a stent and a pyelogram?
Stent Placement A ureteral stent can be placed in the ureter to help urine flow past a blockage that won’t clear or through a narrowed portion of the ureter. This can prevent infection (sepsis). A retrograde pyelogram is performed by injecting dye into a thin tube (catheter) into opening of ureter (tube draining kidney into bladder).
What are the contraindications of retrograde pyelography?
Risks and Contraindications 1 Allergy to Iodine. The most common complications of retrograde pyelography come from reactions to the iodine-based dye used for the test. 2 Sepsis and Urinary Tract Infection. 3 Bladder Perforation and Bleeding. 4 Other Complications of Retrograde Pyelography.