## What is Barker system?

In telecommunication technology, a Barker code, or Barker sequence, is a finite sequence of digital values with the ideal autocorrelation property. It is used as a synchronising pattern between sender and receiver.

## What is Barker codes and write its purpose?

A barker code is one of the possibilities for intra-pulse biphase modulation for pulse compression radar equipment to improve range resolution for relatively long transmission pulses. They are sequences of numbers of different lengths of +1 and −1, which meet the condition of autocorrelation as perfect as possible.

What is Barker code in radar?

Barker codes are binary numbers using two to 13 bits and have unique auto-correlation functions. The points adjacent to the peak of the correlation function equal zero. This is very useful in a radar system since any spurious response can be misinterpreted as a target.

Is Barker code used for spread spectrum?

In DSSS the digital information signal or user data is multiplied with a high-bit rate Barker code to spread the spectrum. Here, 11-bit Barker code is used to spread the spectrum; however, other spreading codes having any bit-size may also be used instead of 11-bit Barker code.

### What is BPSK signal?

Binary Phase-shift keying (BPSK) is a digital modulation scheme that conveys data by changing, or modulating, two different phase s of a reference signal (the carrier wave ). This gives maximum phase-separation between adjacent points and thus the best immunity to corruption.

### How do I get Barker code?

The adjacent symbols are assumed to be 0. The output code is in a bipolar format with 0 and 1 mapped to 1 and –1. The maximum known Barker code length is 13….Barker Codes.

Barker Code Length Barker Code Sidelobe Level
1 [–1] 0 dB
2 [–1; 1] –6 dB
3 [–1; –1; 1] –9.5 dB
4 [–1; –1; 1; –1] –12 dB

What is DSSS modulation?

In telecommunications, direct-sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) is a spread-spectrum modulation technique primarily used to reduce overall signal interference. With DSSS, the message bits are modulated by a pseudorandom bit sequence known as a spreading sequence.

Why pulse compression is used in radar?

Pulse compression is a signal processing technique commonly used by radar, sonar and echography to increase the range resolution as well as the signal to noise ratio. This is achieved by modulating the transmitted pulse and then correlating the received signal with the transmitted pulse.

## How is BPSK signal detected coherently?

(i) Non-return-to-zero level encoder, whereby the input binary data sequence is encoded inpolar form with symbols 1 and 0 represented by the constant-amplitude. (ii) Product modulator, which multiplies the level encoded binary wave by the sinusoidalcarrier of amplitude to produce the BPSK signal.

## What is meant by DPSK?

(Differential Phase Shift Keying) A common form of phase modulation used in analog modems. DPSK does not require complex demodulation circuitry and is less susceptible to random phase changes in the transmitted waveform.

How do I get the Barker code in Matlab?

The Barker code generator outputs the Barker codes listed in this table….Barker Codes.

Barker Code Length Barker Code Sidelobe Level
5 [–1; –1; –1; 1; –1] –14 dB
7 [–1; –1; –1; 1; 1; –1; 1] –16.9 dB
11 [–1; –1; –1; 1; 1; 1; –1; 1; 1; –1; 1] –20.8 dB
13 [–1; –1; –1; –1; –1; 1; 1; –1; –1; 1; –1; 1; –1] –22.3 dB

Which bandwidth is more efficient?

4. Which is more bandwidth efficient? Explanation: Time hopping spread spectrum is more bandwidth efficient.