How serious is a phyllodes tumor?

How serious is a phyllodes tumor?

Phyllodes tumors are most common in women in their 40s, but women of any age can have them. Women with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (a rare, inherited genetic condition) have an increased risk for phyllodes tumors. Most phyllodes tumors are benign (not cancer), but about 1 out of 4 of these tumors are malignant (cancer).

Are phyllodes tumors rare?

Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare tumors that start in the connective (stromal) tissue of the breast. They get their name from the leaf-like pattern in which they grow (phyllodes means leaf-like in Greek). They are most common in women in their 30s and 40s, although women of any age can be affected.

Are phyllodes tumors painful?

It usually isn’t painful. You might notice the lump on your own, or your doctor may feel it during a routine exam. Phyllodes tumors can grow to 3 centimeters wide — a little more than an inch — in just a few weeks or months. They often grow quickly, even if they’re benign.

Do phyllodes tumors grow fast?

Phyllodes tumors tend to grow quickly, within a period of weeks or months, to a size of 2-3 cm or sometimes larger. This rapid growth does not automatically mean the phyllodes tumor is malignant; benign tumors can grow quickly, too. The lump is usually not painful.

Can Phyllodes spread?

Phyllodes tumors tend to grow quickly, but they rarely spread outside the breast. Although most phyllodes tumors are benign (not cancerous), some are malignant (cancerous) and some are borderline (in between noncancerous and cancerous).

Can phyllodes tumor grow back?

Phyllodes tumors aren’t usually cancerous, but they can sometimes return after treatment. Usually, these tumors come back within 1 or 2 years after you have surgery. Cancerous tumors may come back sooner.

Can phyllodes tumor be misdiagnosed?

It has been suggested that phyllodes tumors may be misdiagnosed as fibroadenomas by core biopsy. However, in this case, pathology supports correct initial diagnosis of fibroadenoma and demonstrates a portion of the original fibroadenoma along the periphery of the malignant phyllodes tumor.

Can a phyllodes tumor spread?

Are phyllodes tumors movable?

Phyllodes tumor is the most commonly occurring nonepithelial neoplasm of the breast, though it represents only about 1% of tumors in the breast. It has a smooth, sharply demarcated texture and typically is freely movable.

Is a 2 cm breast tumor big?

it will likely be classified as stage IA. In general, stage IIB describes invasive breast cancer in which: the tumor is larger than 2 cm but no larger than 5 centimeters; small groups of breast cancer cells — larger than 0.2 mm but not larger than 2 mm — are found in the lymph nodes or.

How many phyllodes tumors are benign and malignant?

Surgically removed phyllodes tumors of 168 women were divided into two groups according to the benign and malignant (including borderline tumor) groups and 116 were benign and 52 were malignant.

Which ultrasound findings are characteristic of phyllodes tumor?

On ultrasound, an inhomogeneous, solid-appearing mass is the most common manifestation. A solid mass containing single or multiple, round or cleft like cystic spaces and demonstrating posterior acoustic enhancement strongly suggests the diagnosis of phyllodes tumor.

What is the three-tiered grading system for phyllodes tumors?

There have been proposals for several grading systems, but the use of the three-tiered system, including benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumor, is preferred because this approach leads to greater certainty at the ends of the spectrum of these fibroepithelial lesions. [1] Benign Phyllodes Tumors

What is the prevalence of recurrence of phyllodes tumors?

Local recurrences can occur in all phyllodes tumors, at an overall rate of 21%, with ranges of 10% to 17%, 14% to 25%, and 23% to 30% for benign, borderline malignant, and phyllodes tumors, respectively. Local recurrences generally develop within 2 to 3 years. [28] Distant Metastases