What method was used in the bickman study?
Method: Bickman ran a series of experiments that tested whether or not people were more obedient to certain types of uniform. Participants were the 153 pedestrians who happened to be around when Bickman was running his study.
How did bickman carry out his research into obedience?
Bickman (1974) also investigated the power of uniform in a field experiment conducted in New York. These results all suggest that people are more likely to obey, when instructed by someone wearing a uniform. This is because the uniform infers a sense of legitimate authority and power.
What was bickman’s hypothesis?
To investigate the degree of social power the uniform has on other people. Hypothesis. A uniformed guard has more ability to influence individuals than the same person in a low-authority uniform.
How does location affect obedience?
People are more likely be obey an authority figure who is in close proximity (i.e. nearby). In Milgram’s study the experimenter was in the same room as the participant (i.e. teacher). If the authority figure is distant it is easier to resistant their orders.
Why have a field experiment?
Field experiments also provide opportunities to find out more information about complicated relationships, opinions, and perceptions than survey research or laboratory experiments. This makes field experiments useful when an experimenter begins with researching a question or problem.
How does authoritarian personality affect obedience?
Adorno concluded that individuals with an authoritarian personality were more obedient to authority figures and showed an extreme submissiveness and respect. It was found that the obedient participants scored higher on the F-scale in comparison to the disobedient participants.
Why does location affect obedience?
What did Blass and Schmitt do?
Blass and Schmitt (2001) asked observers to explain who they thought was responsible for the harm caused to the learner in Milgram’s study. Most though the experimenter was responsible, so supporting the agentic state explanation. Legitimacy of authority is supported by cultural differences.
How did Milgram investigate obedience?
The Milgram experiment was carried out many times whereby Milgram (1965) varied the basic procedure (changed the IV). By doing this Milgram could identify which factors affected obedience (the DV). Obedience was measured by how many participants shocked to the maximum 450 volts (65% in the original study).
What factors affect conformity?
Several factors are associated with increased conformity, including larger group size, unanimity, high group cohesion, and perceived higher status of the group. Other factors associated with conformity are culture, gender, age, and importance of stimuli.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of a field experiment?
|People may behave more naturally than in laboratory – higher realism.||Often only weak control of extraneous variables – difficult to replicate.|
|Easier to generalise from results.||Can be time-consuming and costly.|
What is the difference between a lab and field experiment?
The distinguishing characteristics of field experiments are that they are conducted real-world settings and often unobtrusively. This is in contrast to laboratory experiments, which enforce scientific control by testing a hypothesis in the artificial and highly controlled setting of a laboratory.
Who conducted the Bickman experiment?
Bickman (1974) In 1974, a psychologist by the name of Leonard Bickman, conducted another experiment on obedience based off of similar findings from Stanley Milgram.
What is an example of Bickman’s method of selecting actors?
For example, Bickman selected three actors who wore different uniforms on different days. There was a milk man, a security guard, and a civilian (coat and tie). The actors then walked through the streets and asked people to complete various tasks such as picking up trash from the road, giving them a coin for parking, etc.
What did Bickman conclude about the relationship between authority and obedience?
Bickman concluded that visible signs of authority automatically inhibits obedience among individuals. The picture chart listed below has more information as to the findings that were presented.
Who is Leonard Bickman?
In 1974, a psychologist by the name of Leonard Bickman, conducted another experiment on obedience based off of similar findings from Stanley Milgram.