What is the difference between biodegradation and biodeterioration?
However, there is a distinction between ‘biodegradation’ and ‘biodeterioration’. Whereas ‘biodegradation’ is concerned with the use of microorganisms to modify materials with a positive or useful purpose, ‘biodeterioration’ refers to the ‘negative impact of live-organisms activity’.
What are the 2 types of biodegradation?
Mechanisms. The process of biodegradation can be divided into three stages: biodeterioration, biofragmentation, and assimilation. Biodeterioration is sometimes described as a surface-level degradation that modifies the mechanical, physical and chemical properties of the material.
What is the purpose of biodegradation?
In this case the purpose is to break down organic matter so that it will not cause pollution problems when the water is released into the environment. Through bioremediation, microorganisms are used to clean up oil spills and other types of organic pollution.
What is the difference between biodegradation and biotransformation?
The process by which organic chemicals are degraded by microorganisms is called Biodegradation. The term “biotransformation” is commonly used interchangeably with “biodegradation” in contemporary literature.
Is degradation and biodegradation same?
Degradation is the process by which a chemical substance is broken down to smaller molecules by biotic means (biodegradability) or abiotic means (hydrolysis, photolysis or oxidisation).
What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation?
While aerobic microorganisms use oxidative reactions, the degradation by anaerobic bacteria takes place by reductive types of reactions. In contrast, the anaerobes degrade aromatic compounds by reductive conversions and the central intermediates ready for hydrolytic ring cleavage bear a 1,3-dioxo structure.
What are the advantages of biodegradation?
Biodegradable Plastics are Easy to Recycle These types of plastics not only take less time to decompose when discarded but can also be easily recycled through an organic process. They are also non-toxic since they have no chemicals or toxins.
What are the outcome of biodegradation?
Biodegradation can be driven by different forces: when biodegradation of organic pollutants results in the generation of energy, carbon, and/or nitrogen that is usable by microorganisms, it is considered as part of the metabolism; when biodegradation occurs as a side effect of the metabolic transformation of another …
What is the difference between biotransformation and metabolism?
The key difference between biotransformation and metabolism is that biotransformation is a part of metabolism in which the biochemical transformation occurs in a particular drug or compound while metabolism refers to all biochemical reactions taking place in a living organism.
What is biotransformation explain with example?
The metabolism of a drug or toxin in a body is an example of a biotransformation. The body typically deals with a foreign compound by making it more water-soluble, to increase the rate of its excretion through the urine.
What is anaerobic biodegradation?
The degradation of compounds by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen is termed as anaerobic biodegradation. The process whereby microorganisms use a chemical other than oxygen as an electron acceptor. Related Journals of Anaerobic Biodegradation.
What is the difference between degradation and mineralisation?
Degradation is the conversion of a chemical compound by splitting of one or more groups of atoms. Mineralisation refers to a process where an inorganic substance precipitates in an organic matrix or it is a conversion of organically bound form to an inorganic form.
What is the difference between biodegradation and bioremediation?
Biodegradation is the process of decomposing organic materials in the environment by microorganisms. Bioremediation is a waste management technique which uses biological agents to clean the contaminants in the environment.
Aerobic biodegradation is a rapid method which degrades the contaminants completely when compared to anaerobic biodegradation. Anaerobic biodegradation takes place in the absence of oxygen.
What is mineralisation?
Mineralisation refers to a process where an inorganic substance precipitates in an organic matrix or it is a conversion of organically bound form to an inorganic form. Oxidation is a reaction in which the atoms of an element lose electrons in the reaction. Reduction is a process when the atoms of an element gain electrons in the reaction.