How do you test hardness of aluminum?

How do you test hardness of aluminum?

The indentation that is created in the metal is measured for its diameter. A Brinell hardness reading is obtained by dividing the load used (in Kg) by the area of the indentation in the casting being tested (in square mm). When measuring an aluminum alloy a 500Kg load is used, along with a sphere of 10mm.

Which hardness tester is used for an aluminum bulk metal?

Brinell test
The Brinell test is generally used for bulk metal hardness measurements – the impression is larger than that of the Vickers test and this is useful as it averages out any local heterogeneity and is affected less by surface roughness.

Which type of hardness test will be used for checking hardness of Aluminium?

Rockwell test
The most common type of hardness test is the Rockwell test. The Rockwell test encompasses a set of tests for different hardness ranges. The Rockwell B (HRB) scale is used for aluminum and structural steels (softer materials) while the Rockwell C (HRC) scale is used for high carbon alloy steels (harder metals).

What is the Rockwell hardness of aluminum?

Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651

Physical Properties Metric English
Hardness, Knoop 120 120
Hardness, Rockwell A 40 40
Hardness, Rockwell B 60 60
Hardness, Vickers 107 107

What is Webster hardness?

The WEBSTER Hardness Testers are portable instruments that can perform on-site hardness testing on aluminium alloys, brass, copper and soft steel. A quick and easy test, the hardness value can be read out directly from the indicator with a simple clamp.

What does HB stand for in hardness?

Material hardness Hardness is measured using the Vickers (HV) or Brinell (HB) hardness scale – a small diamond or ball being used to indent the material.

What is the difference between hardness and toughness?

Hardness: A material’s ability to withstand friction, essentially abrasion resistance, is known as hardness. Toughness: How well the material can resist fracturing when force is applied. Toughness requires strength as well as ductility, which allows a material to deform before fracturing.

What are the different types of hardness test?


  • Hardness Testing Basics.
  • Rockwell Hardness Testing.
  • Brinell Hardness Testing.
  • Vickers Hardness Testing.
  • Knoop Hardness Testing.
  • Case Depth Hardness Testing.

How hard is 6061 T6 aluminum?

T6 temper 6061 has been treated to provide the maximum precipitation hardening (and therefore maximum yield strength) for a 6061 aluminum alloy. It has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 290 MPa (42 ksi) and yield strength of at least 240 MPa (35 ksi).

What materials can be measured by a hardness tester?

This high-accuracy hardness tester quickly and accurately measures the surface hardness of 10 common metal materials including steel, cast steel, alloy tool steel, stainless steel, cast iron, ductile iron, cast aluminum alloy, brass, bronze and copper.

What are the different metal gauges?

Metal Gauges Gauge # Sheet Steel Aluminum Stainless Steel 11 .1196 (3.0) .0907 (2.3) .1250 (3.2) 12 .1046 (2.7) .0808 (2.1) .1094 (2.8) 13 .0897 (2.3) .0720 (1.8) .0937 (2.4) 14 .0747 (1.9) .0641 (1.6) .0781 (2.0)

Why buy an ultrasonic hardness tester?

However, due to the degree of accuracy and the essentially nondestructive nature of measurement afforded by an ultrasonic hardness tester, the price of the device usually is higher. A hardness tester is especially practical in areas of manufacturing production, quality control and technical service due to its portability and ergonomic design.

What is the difference between analog and digital hardness tester?

An analog or mechanical hardness tester can be equipped with a 360° dial, while a digital hardness tester usually has an LCD screen. Some digital hardness testers offer datalogging capabilities with key features like an internal memory and a USB port for data transfer to a computer .